ERC evaluation panels
The selection of scientific and scholarly proposals for ERC funding is based on international peer review with excellence as the sole criterion. The ERC uses a typical panel-based system, in which panels of high-level scientists and/or scholars make recommendations for funding.
The panels of each grant are grouped into three disciplinary domains that cover the entire spectrum of science, engineering and scholarship:
- Social Sciences and Humanities (SH)
- Life Sciences (LS)
- Physical and Engineering Sciences (PE)
Research proposals of a multi- and interdisciplinary nature are strongly encouraged throughout the ERC's schemes. Proposals of this type are evaluated by the ERC's regular panels with the appropriate external expertise. Each ERC panel consists of a chairman and 10-15 members. The Panel Chair and the Panel Members are selected on the basis of their scientific reputation. In addition to the Panel Members (who act as “generalists”), the ERC evaluations rely on input from remote experts external to the panel, called referees. They are scientists and scholars who bring in the necessary specialised expertise.
Primary panel structure and description
Physical Sciences and Engineering
All areas of mathematics, pure and applied, plus mathematical foundations of computer science, mathematical physics and statistics.
PE2 Fundamental Constituents of Matter
Particle, nuclear, plasma, atomic, molecular, gas, and optical physics.
PE3 Condensed Matter Physics
Structure, electronic properties, fluids, nanosciences, biophysics.
PE4 Physical and Analytical Chemical Sciences
Analytical chemistry, chemical theory, physical chemistry/chemical physics.
PE5 Synthetic Chemistry and Materials
Materials synthesis, structure-properties relations, functional and advanced materials, molecular architecture, organic chemistry.
PE6 Computer Science and Informatics
Informatics and information systems, computer science, scientific computing, intelligent systems.
PE7 Systems and Communication Engineering
Electronic, communication, optical and systems engineering.
PE8 Products and Processes Engineering
Product design, process design and control, construction methods, civil engineering, energy systems, material engineering.
PE9 Universe Sciences
Astro-physics/chemistry/biology; solar system; stellar, galactic and extragalactic astronomy, planetary systems, cosmology, space science, instrumentation.
PE10 Earth System Science
Physical geography, geology, geophysics, atmospheric sciences, oceanography, climatology, cryology, ecology, global environmental change, biogeochemical cycles, natural resources management.
LS1 Molecular and Structural Biology and Biochemistry
Molecular synthesis, modification and interaction, biochemistry, biophysics, structural biology, metabolism, signal transduction.
LS2 Genetics, Genomics, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Molecular and population genetics, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, bioinformatics, computational biology, biostatistics, biological modelling and simulation, systems biology, genetic epidemiology.
LS3 Cellular and Developmental Biology
Cell biology, cell physiology, signal transduction, organogenesis, developmental genetics, pattern formation in plants and animals, stem cell biology.
LS4 Physiology, Pathophysiology and Endocrinology
Organ physiology, pathophysiology, endocrinology, metabolism, ageing, tumorigenesis, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome.
LS5 Neurosciences and Neural Disorders
Neurobiology, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurochemistry, neuropharmacology, neuroimaging, systems neuroscience, neurological and psychiatric disorders.
LS6 Immunity and Infection
The immune system and related disorders, infectious agents and diseases, prevention and treatment of infection.
LS7 Diagnostic Tools, Therapies and Public Health
Aetiology, diagnosis and treatment of disease, public health, epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical medicine, regenerative medicine, medical ethics.
LS8 Evolutionary, Population and Environmental Biology
Evolution, ecology, animal behaviour, population biology, biodiversity, biogeography, marine biology, eco-toxicology, microbial ecology.
LS9 Applied Life Sciences and Non-Medical Biotechnology
Agricultural, animal, fishery, forestry and food sciences, biotechnology, genetic engineering, synthetic and chemical biology, industrial biosciences; environmental biotechnology and remediation.
Social Sciences and Humanities
SH1 Markets, Individuals and Institutions
Economics, finance and management.
SH2 The Social World, Diversity and Common Ground
Sociology, social anthropology, political science, law, communication, science and technology studies.
SH3 Environment, Space and Population
Sustainability science, demography, geography, regional studies and planning.
SH4 The Human Mind and Its Complexity
Cognitive science, psychology, linguistics, philosophy of mind, education.
SH5 Cultures and Cultural Production
Literature, philology, cultural studies, arts, philosophy.
SH6 The Study of the Human Past
Archaeology and history.